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Quick Facts

Guru Sahiban (IK JOT)
 1st Patshahi, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji
 2nd Patshahi, Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji
 3rd Patshahi, Sri Guru Amar Das Ji
 4th Patshahi, Sri Guru Ram Das Ji
 5th Patshahi, Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji
 6th Patshahi, Sri Guru Har Gobind Ji
 7th Patshahi, Sri Guru Har Rai Ji
 8th Patshahi, Sri Guru HarKrishan Ji
 9th Patshahi, Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji
 10th Patshahi, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji

Panj (Five) Piaras (Beloved Ones)
 Bhai Daya Singh Ji
 Bhai Dharam Singh Ji
 Bhai Himmat Singh Ji
 Bhai Mohkam Singh Ji
 Bhai Sahib Singh Ji
 
Four Sahibzadas (Sons of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji)
 Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji
 Sahibzada Jhujhar Singh Ji
 Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji
 Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji
 
Nitnem (everyday recitation)
Japji Sahib
Jap Sahib
Swaye Patshahi 10
Sodar Rehras
Kirtan Sohila

Five Kakars (K’s)
Kes – uncut hair
Kangha – comb
Kirpan – sword
Kara – steel bangle
Kachha – shorts

Five Takhats (Seats of Sikh Religion)
 Sri Akal Takhat Sahib Ji – Amritsar (Punjab)
 Takhat Sri Kesgarh Sahib Ji – Anandpur (Punjab)
 Takhat Sri Damdama Sahib Ji – Bathinda (Punjab)
 Takhat Sri Hazur Sahib Ji – (Maharashtra)
 Takhat Sri Patna Sahib Ji – (Bihar)
 

What/Who is a Sikh
Sikh, person who faithfuly believes in:
1. One Immortal Being,
2. Guru Sahiban Ji, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji to Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji
3. The Guru Granth Sahib,
4. The Utterances and teachings of the ten Gurus, and
5. Khande di Pahul bequeathed by the tenth Guru, and who does not owe allegiance to any other religion. 
 

Last Name of a Sikh
Man: Singh (a lion)
Woman: Kaur (princess) 

Name ‘Sikh’
From Punjabi sikh, “learner” or “disciple”

Founded
c. 1500 in India

Founder
Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji (1469-1539)

Adherents
23 million

Main Location
Punjab region of India

Original Language
Punjabi

Sacred Text
Adi Granth (Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)

Spiritual Leader
Granthi Sahib Ji

House of Worship
Temple, Gurdwara Sahib

Theism
Monotheism

Ultimate Reality
God (Ik Onkar, Nam)

Purpose of Life
Overcome the self, align life with will of God, and become a “saint soldier,” fighting for good

Afterlife
Reincarnation until resolve karma and merge with God.

Major Holidays
Vaisakhi Day
Diwali
Birthday of Guru Nanak
Birthday of Guru Gobind Singh

Five Cardinal Vices
1. lust
2. anger
3. greed
4. worldly attachment
5. pride

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